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The invisible workload represents a collection of mental and emotional tasks that are likely not on your to-do list but still consume a significant amount of your time, energy and attention. This article discusses the various components of the invisible workload and provides possible strategies for managing them more effectively thereby reducing stress and increasing productivity in the process.

The Invisible Workload in Practice

A. Worrying:

Worrying can consume a considerable amount of mental energy, often focusing on potential problems or mistakes that may never actually occur. It is important to acknowledge and address these concerns, but also to recognise when worrying is unproductive.

  1. Distinguish between productive and unproductive worries: Focus on concerns that have a realistic chance of occurring and over which you have some element of control. Consider using the stoic practice of Premeditatio Malorum to visualise potential problems and build resilience.
  2. Cultivate a mindset of gratitude and acceptance: Instead of constantly worrying, practice gratitude for what is going well and accept that some things are beyond your control. This can help reduce the mental load associated with worrying.

B. Planning:

Effective planning is essential for managing your workload, but over-planning can increase your invisible workload and cause unnecessary stress. Here are some tips to effectively balance planning:

  1. Schedule specific times for planning: Set aside dedicated time for planning, ideally at the beginning or end of the day. This will help you focus on the task at hand and prevent planning from intruding on other activities or becoming a source of distraction.
  2. Prioritise tasks: Not all tasks are of equal importance. Identify your most important tasks and allocate your time and resources accordingly. This will help you stay focused on what matters most and prevent you from getting overwhelmed by a long to-do list.
  3. Stay flexible: Accept that plans will change and adapt accordingly. As Eisenhower said, “Plans are worthless, but planning is everything.” Focus on the process of planning rather than getting attached to specific outcomes.

C. Accepting Reality:

Resisting the way things are can create a significant mental burden. Instead, practice acceptance and adapt to the situation at hand.

  1. Embrace the present: Accept what has happened and focus on the opportunities that arise from it. The less resistance you have, the more mental energy you can devote to finding solutions.
  2. Cultivate a growth mindset: View challenges as opportunities for growth and learning, rather than as setbacks or failures. This will help you maintain a positive attitude and reduce the mental load associated with wanting the world to be different.

D. Remembering and Procrastination:

Our brains have a tendency to hold on to unfinished tasks. This is known as the Zeigarnik Effect. This can make procrastination exhausting and contribute to our invisible workload.

  1. Perform a daily mind dump: Write down any thoughts, tasks or ideas that come to mind throughout the day. This can help you stay organised and prevent your brain from constantly reminding you of unfinished tasks.
  2. Address the underlying causes of procrastination: Identify the reasons behind your procrastination and find ways to overcome them. This may involve breaking tasks into smaller steps, setting specific deadlines, or seeking support from others.

E. Monitoring and Managing:

Keeping track of various tasks, projects and communications can be time-consuming and contribute to your invisible workload. Here are some strategies for reducing the burden of monitoring and managing:

  1. Schedule regular check-ins: Set aside specific times to review the status of ongoing projects, tasks or conversations. This will help you stay organised and prevent constant monitoring from draining your mental resources.
  2. Delegate and collaborate: Share the responsibility for managing tasks or projects with others, either by delegating or collaborating. This can help distribute the workload and reduce the amount of monitoring and managing you need to do on your own.
  3. Use tools to help: Utilise project management tools, calendars and reminders to help you stay organised and streamline your monitoring and managing. This can help you stay on top of things without expending excessive mental energy.

F. Decision-making:

The constant need to make decisions, both big and small, can contribute to decision fatigue and increase your invisible workload.

  1. Simplify choices: Limit the number of options you consider when making decisions to reduce decision fatigue. This can help you make choices more quickly and preserve mental energy for more important tasks.
  2. Establish routines: Develop routines for daily tasks and decisions to minimise the cognitive load associated with making choices. By automating some decisions, you can save precious mental energy.


Managing your invisible workload is an ongoing process that requires self-awareness, reflection and adjustment. By understanding the various components of the invisible workload and implementing strategies to address them, you can reduce stress, increase productivity and achieve a more balanced and fulfilling life.

Remember, it is important to be kind to yourself and recognise that it is normal to have an invisible workload. The key is to find ways to manage it effectively so that it doesn’t become overwhelming or consume too much of your mental and emotional resources.